Sikhism: Gurus: Guru
Guru Har Krishan Ji is the eighth Guru of the Sikhs. He is
called the Bal (child) Guru. He became Guru at the age of five. He was
born on July 7, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib to Mata Kishan Kaur. He was youngest
son of Guru Har Rai Ji. His elder brother Ram Rai was ignored for Guruship.
||Guru Har Krishan Ji
Value human piety and purity.
Har Krishan Ji became Guru after the death of Guru
Har Rai Ji on October 6, 1661. The Guru proved at the tender age that an
ideal man could be successful by meeting any challenge fearlessly
and with courage.
Rai became jealous of Guru Har Krishan Ji. The Guru was called to
Delhi by Emperor Aurangzeb on complaint by Ram Rai, elder brother of the
Guru. Guru Har Krishan Ji went to Delhi and stayed at the mansion of Raja
Jai Singh (now known as Gurdwara Bangla Sahib). He started imparting Sikh
instructions at Delhi which was in the grip of smallpox epidemics in those
Once, Lal Chand an ego-stricken Brahmin of Panjokhra,
in order to test the intellect of the Guru, asked him to translate meanings
of a passage from Gita. It is said that the Guru blessed a passing
by illiterate and dumb Chhaju Gunga to expound the meanings, which he exposed
with extraordinary wisdom.
Guru Har Krishan Ji remained on the throne of Guru Nanak
Dev for two and half years. He left for heavenly abode at Delhi with small-pox
at the age of eight on March 30,1664.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib was erected at the site where
the Guru stayed during his visit to Delhi. He was cremated on the bank
of river Yamuna. Gurdwara Bala Sahib was constructed there in memory of
the Guru. It is believed that just by looking at the Guru all the pain
would vanish. His Darshana healed the sick and the miserable.
On the last day, as per practice, the Guru wanted to appoint
his successor. By pointing out for his successor, he said ‘Baba Bakale.’
This meant that his successor Tegh Bahadur was at Baba Bakale.
Ruler of India
Aurangzeb from 1658 to 1707 A.D.